U.S., Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885. 134. Agriculture schedules are scattered among a variety of archives in which they were deposited by the National Archives and Records Service. Column 24. Whether able to read.—Write ‘‘Yes’’ for all persons 10 years of age and over who can read any language, whether English or some other, and ‘‘No’’ for all such persons who can not read any language. Name; Name; Name 92. 174. It should include, therefore, the children by any former marriage as well as by her present marriage. If you’re researching Native Americans in 1910, you’ll find additional information in the instructions to enumerators. Boarding-house families.—All the occupants and employees of a hotel, boarding house, or lodging house, if that is their usual place of abode, make up, for census purposes, a single family. Avoid general or indefinite terms.—Give the occupation and industry precisely. Research Tips for the 1910 Census The quality of the microfilming of the 1910 census seems especially poor when compared to other census schedules. It should not include the children which her present husband may have had by a former wife, even though they are members of her present family. Measuring America's People, Places, and Economy. 115. Write Ruthenian instead of ‘‘Rosniak’’ or ‘‘Russine.’’, 143. Color or race.—Write ‘‘W’’ for white; ‘‘B’’ for black; ‘‘Mu’’ for mulatto; ‘ ‘Ch’’ for Chinese; ‘‘Jp’’ for Japanese; ‘‘In’’ for Indian. 99. If an employee, whether out of work on April 15, 1910.—If a person reported as an employee (W) in column 20 was out of work on April 15, 1910, write ‘‘Yes;’’ but if such person had work on that date, write ‘‘No.’’ For persons other than employees, leave the column blank. USDA Census of Agriculture Historical Archive, Cornell University. Distinguish a traveling salesman from a salesman in a store; the former preferably should be reported as a commercial traveler. Column 39. Examples of this class are: Farmers and the owners of small establishments who do not employ helpers; professional men who work for fees and employ no helpers; and, generally speaking,  hucksters, peddlers, newsboys, boot-blacks, etc., although it not infrequently happens that persons in these pursuits are employed by others and are working for wages, and in such case should, of course, be returned as employees. Whether now living in polygamy.—If the Indian man is living with more than one wife, write ‘‘Yes’’ in this column; otherwise, write ‘‘No.’’, Column 41. 100. Column 11. 164. 97. Column 15. var clicky_site_ids = clicky_site_ids ||

Industry.—An entry should be made in this column in all cases where the entry in column 18 has been that of an occupation. Columns 32. Dwelling house defined.—A dwelling house, for census purposes, is a place in which, at the time of the census, one or more persons regularly sleep. If, however, it is impossible to get the exact age, enter the approximate age rather than return the age as unknown. A domestic servant should always be returned as an employee even though, as previously explained, the person employing a domestic servant is not always returned as an employer. In this census schedule, all responses reflected the individual's status as of April 15, even if the status had changed between April 15 and the day of enumeration. 180. Thus a person in a store, often called a clerk, who is wholly or principally engaged in selling goods should be called a salesman. If the woman has never had any children, write ‘‘0’’ in this column and also in column 11. The 1890 schedule was lost due to the effects of the fire that destroyed the 1890 population census. For instance, a woman who regularly takes in washing should be reported as laundress or washerwoman, followed in column 19 by at home. Keeping boarders.—Keeping boarders or lodgers should be returned as an occupation if the person engaged in it relies upon it as his (or her) principal means of support or principal source of income. 96. 144. It should be noted, however, that two or more families may occupy the same dwelling house without living together. 102. Place of birth of father and mother.—Enter in columns 13 and 14 the birthplace of the father and of the mother of the person whose own birthplace was entered in column 12. Children working for parents.—Children who work for their parents at home merely on general household work, on chores, or at odd times on other work, should be reported as having no occupation. In the case of persons speaking German, therefore, inquire carefully whether the birthplace was Germany, Switzerland, Austria, or elsewhere. An Indian on a reservation, without an allotment, or roaming over unsettled territory, is considered ‘‘not taxed,’’ and for such Indians the answer to this inquiry is ‘‘No.’’. For an article about 1910 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the United States 1910 CensusWiki page. 186. Make this entry opposite the name of the member of the family operating the farm. Similarly, a washerwoman or laundress who works out by the day is an employee, but a washerwoman or laundress who takes in washing is either working on own account, or, it may be, is an employer. 95. If he has declared his intention to become an American citizen and has taken out his ‘‘first papers,’’ write ‘‘Pa’’ (for papers). Therefore it must never be taken for granted, without inquiry, that a woman, or child, has no occupation. If living on their own income the return should be own income. 148. 157. If the Indian is partly self-supporting and partly dependent up the Government, write the occupation in columns 18 and 19, and then the letter ‘‘R’’ (for ration). The agricultural schedule of 1900 and 1910 … Merritt farmed for himself and his sons who were wage earners, likely worked for their father. 108. Column 29. Distinguish carefully between retail and wholesale merchants, as retail merchant—dry-goods; wholesale merchant—dry-goods. For persons born in the double Kingdom of Austria-Hungary, be sure to distinguish Austria from Hungary. A dressmaker who works out by the day for day wages should be returned as an employee; but a dressmaker who works at home or in her own shop should be returned as working on own account, unless she employs helpers, in which case she becomes an employer. To locate these, do a Place Search for the state, select the topic Census, and choose the census year. of farm schedule 29 Civil War veteran 30 Blind 31 With the exception of certain languages of eastern Russia, the list gives a name for every European language in the proper sense of the word. In order to save space, the abbreviations (indicated on separate ‘‘List of foreign countries’’) should be used for the country of birth, but the language given as the mother tongue should be written out in full. 109. 156. Column 27. In case, however, a person does not know the state or territory of birth of his father or mother but knows that he or she was born in the United States, write United States rather than ‘‘unknown.’’. 98. Number of children now living.—This refers again only to the children which the woman herself has had. Unfortunately, not all of these schedules survived. Each of the U.S. Federal Censuses from 1850-1880 included a mortality schedule enumerating the individuals who had died in the year previous to the census year. Copyright 2020 RAOGK | All Rights Reserved | Powered by. But in an apartment or tenement house, there will usually be as many families as there are separate occupied apartments or tenements, even though use may be made of a common cafe or restaurant. In that case the return should be keeper—boarding house or keeper—lodging house. Farm or home. 124. Columns 1 and 2. The number should always be entered opposite the name of the first person enumerated in each dwelling house, and should not be repeated for other persons or other families living in the same house. If he speaks’’ more than one language, but does not speak English, write the name of that language which is his native language or mother tongue. If living in polygamy, whether the wives are sisters.—If the Indian man is living with more than one wife, and if his wives are sisters, write ‘‘Yes’’ in this column. In determining who is to be included with the family, follow instructions in paragraphs 95 to 99. Column 28. This modified form of the general schedule for population is to be used in making the enumeration of Indians, both those on reservations and those living in family groups outside of reservations. The purpose of columns 18 and 19 is thus to bring out, on the one hand, in column 18, the specific occupation or work performed, if any, by each person enumerated, and on the other, in column 19, the character of the industry or place in which such work is performed. For a person married less than 1 year, write ‘‘0’’ (meaning less than 1 year). 116. The 1910 enumeration included the name of every person living on April 15, 1910, omitting those born after April 15, 1910. Distinguish carefully the different kinds of ‘‘agents’’ by stating in column 19 the line of business followed. Persons living alone.—The census family may likewise consist of a single person. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1910 federal censuses. 128. The 1910 US census page orientation switched from portrait to landscape. 192. Proportions of Indian and other blood.—If the Indian is a full-blood, write ’’full‘‘ in column 36, and leave columns 37 and 38 blank. 147. If the Indian was born in this country answers should be obtained, if possible, to inquiries 12, 13, and 14, relating to the state or territory of birth of the person and of his or her parents. But any officers or employees who sleep in detached houses or separate dwelling places containing no inmates should be returned as separate families. This website uses cookies and third party services. On the other hand, persons out of employment when visited by the enumerator may state that they have no occupation, when the fact is that they usually have an occupation but merely happen to be idle or unemployed at the time of the visit. 130. cit.— that is, American citizen. The entry none should be made in the case of all persons who follow no occupation and who do not fall within the class to be reported as own income. If you can not learn that, return the one at which he spends the more time. 1940 Census Publications If any person in answer to the occupation question says that he is ‘‘in business,’’ you must find out what branch of business and what kind of work he does or what position he holds. If the person was born outside the United States, enter the country (not city or district) in which born. After the schedules were printed, a question was added concerning the ‘‘mother tongue’’ of the foreign born. 74. What is meant by ‘‘out of work.’’—The purpose of inquiries 21 and 22 is to ascertain the amount of enforced unemployment—the extent to which persons want work and can not find it. Therefore, when an age ending in 0 or 5 is reported, you should ascertain whether it is the exact age. 101. Column 44. For one employing persons, other than domestic servants, in transacting his own business, write ‘‘Emp’’ (for employer). In other words, every family composed mainly of Indians should be reported entirely on this special schedule, and every family composed mainly of persons not Indians should be reported entirely on the general population schedule. Column 19. Avoid in all cases the use of the word ‘‘mechanic,’’ but give the exact occupation, as carpenter, painter, machinist, etc. Enumerators of American Indians living on reservations or in family groups outside of reservations used a special modified schedule for the 1910 census which included an extra page of questions. The second point is easy to remember: one schedule for each farm as defined by the census. 1910 Census Geography. Working on own account.—Persons who have a gainful occupation and are neither employers nor employees are considered to be working on their own account. Persons retired or temporarily unemployed.—Care should be taken in making the return for persons who on account of old age, permanent invalidism, or otherwise are no longer following an occupation. A farm home is a home located on a farm, for which a farm schedule should be secured. 135. Name of each person enumerated.—Enter the name of every person whose usual place of abode on April 15, 1910, was with the family or in the dwelling place for which the enumeration is being made. Wherever possible, the statement that an Indian is of full blood should be verified by inquiry of the older men of the tribe, as an Indian is sometimes of mixed blood without knowing it. Residing on his own lands.—If the Indian lives on his or her own land, write ‘‘Yes’’ in this column; if the Indian lives elsewhere, write ‘‘No.’’. Please enter your email address or username below. For persons under 10 years of age, leave the column blank. Avoid giving other names when one in this list can be applied to the language spoken. Data includes decennial censuses from 1790 to 2010 and American Community Surveys (ACS) from 2000 to the present. Column 21. Column 45. All such should be returned as employees, for, while any one of these may employ persons, none of them does so in transacting his own business. Read more about finding children between census years. Column 29. 178. If the Indian—man, woman, or child—has no occupation and is wholly dependent on the Government for support, write ‘‘Ration Indian’’ in column 18. Whether employer, employee, or working on own account. Farms producing less than $100 worth of products annually were excluded in 1850. Ages of children.—Take particular pains to get the exact ages of children. 155. 195. How names are to be written.—Enter first the last name or surname, then the given name in full, and the initial of the middle name, if any. Owned homes.—A home is to be classed as owned if it is owned wholly or in part by the head of the family living in the home, or by the wife of the head, or by a son, or a daughter, or other relative living in the same house with the head of the family. This is especially true of Germans, for over one-third of the Austrians and nearly threefourths of the Swiss speak German. Column 25. Do not, therefore, include with those ‘‘out of work’’ those who are on a strike, those who are voluntarily idle, those who are incapacitated for any work, or those who are on sick leave or on a vacation. Graduated from what educational institution.—If the Indian is a graduate of any educational institution, give the name and location of such institution. Do not write ‘‘Czech,’’ but write Bohemian, Moravian, or Slovak, as the case may be. The 1910 Census has slightly less information than the 1920 census. Column 7. Women doing farm work.—A woman working regularly at outdoor farm work, even though she works on the home farm for her husband, son, or other relative and does not receive money wages, should be returned in column 18 as a farm laborer. IPUMS USA collects, preserves and harmonizes U.S. census microdata and provides easy access to this data with enhanced documentation. Tribal relations. Do not write ‘‘Macedonian,’’ but write Bulgarian, Turkish, Greek, Servian, or Roumanian, as the case may be. Column 23. If, however, a family keeps a few boarders or roomers merely as a means of supplementing or eking out the earnings or income obtained from other occupations or from other sources, no one in the family should be returned as a boarding or lodging house keeper. How to Access: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/nonpopulation/ The Family History Library has very few. Do not write ‘‘Austrian,’’ but write German, Bohemian, Ruthenian, Roumanian, Slovenian, Slovak, or such other term as correctly defines the language spoken. The following is a list of principal foreign languages spoken in the United States. For persons under 10 years of age, leave the column blank. You should begin the entries for each subdivision at the top of a new page of the population schedule A or B side of the sheet, as the case may be), and at the end of the entries of the popu… For a person reported as ‘‘blind’’ (column 31), write ‘‘Yes’’ if he could write any language before becoming blind or, if born blind, if he has been taught to write any language. Institutional families.—The officials and inmates of an institution who live in the institution building or group of buildings form one family. 118. 112. Farm or house.— This column is intended merely to distinguish farm homes from other homes.

Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.—This question should be asked as to all males over 50 years of age who were born in the United States and all foreign born males who immigrated to this country before 1865. Remember, however, that the age question, like all other questions on the schedule, relates to April 15, 1910. 177. Do not write ‘‘Slavic’’ or ‘‘Slavonian,’’ but write Slovak, Slovenian, Russian, etc., as the case may be. 158. Column 42. Illustrations of occupations.—The following examples, in addition to the occupations given in the illustrative schedule, will illustrate the method of returning some of the common occupations and industries; they will also suggest to you distinctions which you should make in other cases: 168. References: Connie Burkett, "Re: [Census-Chat] Codes? Thus the age of a child 3 months old should be entered as 3/12, a child 7 months old as 7/12, a child 1 year and 3 months old as 1 3/12, etc. Column 9. Thus a woman who may have been married for 10 years to a former husband, but has been married only 3 years to her present husband, should be returned as married 3 years. Search For Your Ancestors in Historical Documents, number of horses, mules, “milch cows,” working oxen, other cattle, sheep, and swine, type and amount of crops produced during preceding year, to fill gaps when land and tax records are missing or incomplete, to distinguish between people with the same names, to document land holdings of ancestors with suitable follow-up in deeds, mortgages, tax rolls, and probate inventories, to verify and document black sharecroppers and white overseers who may not appear in other record. Please check the Privacy Policy of the site you are visiting. Illustrative examples.—In many occupations a man may be either an employer, or an employee, or working on own account. Home owned free or mortgaged.—This question applies only to those homes classed in column 26 as owned homes and not to rented homes. Researchers should consult both Agricultural and Manufacturers Schedules to identify family industries. Also, the farm schedules were lost, so that number is meaningless today." Mother tongue of father and mother. Employees in factories and mills, for example, usually have some definite designation, as weaver, roller, puddler, etc. This page allows you to search the 1910 U.S. Population Census for Charlottesville and Esmont, Virginia. The term employer does not include the superintendent, agent, manager, or other person employed to manage an establishment or business; and it does not include the foreman of a room, the boss of a gang, or the coal miner who hires his helper. The 1850-1880 Agricultural Schedules are available by county below. Indian Population Schedule. The schedule says in substance that a farm may include a single tract of land or a number of separate tract s operated as a unit and used for agricultural purposes. The term ‘‘laborer’’ should be avoided if any more precise definition of the occupation can be secured. 163. This series consists of the population census schedules for the 1910 census taken on April 15, 1910. It should be answered, therefore, for every person whose birthplace as reported in column 12 was in a foreign country. Person not employed at his principal or usual occupation but engaged in some side or temporary work is not to be considered as unemployed, the intent of this question being to find out the number of weeks during which the person was unable to secure any employment. If they are supported by other persons or institutions, the return should be none. 1910 Census MAGAZINE ©family tree magazine2002 3 Local Community County State Ward Supervisor District # Enumerator Date Census Taken Enumeration District # Page number Street Home number Dwelling number Family number ... Farm or house 28 No. Additional agricultural operations were excluded in 1870, when farms owning less than three acres or producing less than $500 worth of products were eliminated from the schedule. Columns 1 through 32 were almost identical to the general population schedule. Children on farms.—In the case of children who work for their own parents on a farm, the entry in column 18 should be farm laborer and in column 19 home farm; but for children who work as farm laborers for others, the entry in column 19 should be working out. 122. A building with a partition wall through it and a front door for each of the two parts, however, counts as two dwelling houses. 154. Mother tongue.—The question ‘‘What is your mother tongue or native language?’’ should be asked of all persons who were born in any foreign country, and the answer should be written in column 12, after the name of the country of birth. Include all of these children that are living, no matter whether they are living in your district or somewhere else. If such a person is able to speak English, write English. 146. Write Little Russian instead of ‘‘Ukrainian.’’, 142. Endeavor to ascertain the years in which these notable events occurred, and with a little calculation on your part you should be able to ascertain the exact age of each Indian. 121. To sign up for updates please enter your contact information below. umb. 114. Users can search all information found in the 1910 census such as the dwelling number, rank in household, school attendance, etc. In all such cases you should complete the enumeration of one such subdivision of your district before beginning the enumeration of another. 172. If it is not a farm home, write ‘‘H’’ (for house). In short, whenever a person gives a foreign country as a birthplace of himself or either of his parents, before writing down that country ask for the mother tongue and write the answer to both questions in columns 12, 13, or 14, as the case may be, in the manner herein indicated. 120. Column 31. 127. Write Roumanian instead of ‘‘Moldavian,’’ ‘‘Wallachian,’’ ‘‘Tsintsar,’’ or ‘‘Kutzo-Vlach.’’. USDA Census of Agriculture Historical Archive, Cornell University. Occupants of an institution or school, living under a common roof, should be designated as officer, inmate, pupil, patient, prisoner, etc. Column 8. ; but if an inmate is not regularly  employed—that is, has not specific duties or work to perform, write none in column 18. Column 18. The 1910 Census was begun on 15 April 1910. 1910 Census Sheet: Today's Date: Researcher's Name: Microfilm number: Enumeration Date: ... Can read and write Attending school Owned or rented Owned free or martgaged Farm of house Number of farm schedule Civil War veteran Blind or deaf mute. Speak English, write in column 26 as owned homes and not to homes! Records: other Census schedules is a home located on a farm is... Persons share a common abode as partners, write ‘ ‘ Rosniak ’ ’ for male and female, whatever!, such as: 75 Agriculture Historical Archive, Cornell University schedules 1850-1885. Contact information below likely worked for their father of children born.—This question applies only to homes! 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