It tells of their affairs, the ups and downs of their lives and how they interconnected. Strachey, (Giles) Lytton (1880–1932) English biographer and essayist, a member of the Bloomsbury Group. ReadCentral.com offers the most comprehensive collection of books and writings by Lytton Strachey . Lytton Strachey by Himself: A Self-Portrait. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Authors who discuss Strachey in magazines include Edwin Muir, Nation and Athenaeum (April 25, 1925); John Raymond, New Statesman and Nation (April 16, 1955); Scott James, BC/Longmans (1955); Gertrude Himmelfarb, New Republic (May 28, 1968); and Noel Annan, New York Review of Books (June 6, 1968). DIED: 1933, London, England 21 Dec. 2020 . Lytton Strachey, whose iconoclastic reexaminations of historical figures forever changed the course of modern biographical writing, was born in London on March 1, 1880.He was educated in a series of private schools and attended University College, Liverpool, before entering Trinity College, Cambridge, in … 21 Dec. 2020 . Strachey was a person who was gay. "Giles Lytton Strachey https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/giles-lytton-strachey, "Giles Lytton Strachey Get an answer for 'What changes were brought by Lytton Strachey to the art of biography, especially in reference to Dr. Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire. Giles Lytton Strachey (March 1, 1880 – January 21, 1932) was a British writer and critic. Rosenbaum, S. P., ed. Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, (born March 1, 1880, London—died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng. Diagnosed a neurasthenic as a teen, Strachey suffered from poor health his entire life, yet managed to have a prolific career as a writer. As mentioned in the text, the definitive biography of Strachey is Michael Holroyd, Lytton Strachey: A Critical Biography (2 vols., 1967, 1968). Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, was an English biographer and critic who opened a new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. Strachey's biographer, Stanford Patrick Rosenbaum argues: "Strachey's preface to Eminent Victorians (1918) is a manifesto of modern biography, with its insistence that truth could now be only fragmentary, and that human beings were more than symptoms of history. For at least some of this, we can thank the iconoclastic Lytton Strachey. Giles Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an English biographer and critic known for his satire of the Victorian Era. "Strachey, (Giles) Lytton 2 vols. Holroyd relied upon and deferred to James Strachey in some of the authorial judgments. "—John Rothenstein, New York Times "Written with vivacity and scrupulousness. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He had an air of sick, melancholic sadness; he sagged. DIED: 1995, London, England Although unsuccessful in forming lasting attachments with other men (his lovers included his cousin, the artist Duncan Grant, and Colette's translator, Roger Senhouse), he did inspire lifelong devotion from one person. Giles Lytton Strachey was born in 1880, the eleventh of thirteen children, to General Sir Richard Strachey and his wife Jane Grant. Holroyd, Michael, ed. His biography of Queen Victoria was awarded the James Tait … He returned to his parents' home in Lancaster Gate and supported himself as a journalist—contributing book and drama reviews to The Spectator magazine, the Nation, and the Athenaeum—and published two collections of verse and an important work of literary criticism, Landmarks in French Literature (1912). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. However, the date of retrieval is often important. ytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an essayist and biographer, and a prominent member of London's culturally élite Bloomsbury Group. In 1912 Strachey published his first book, on French literary history, Landmarks in French Literature, designed to awaken English readers to the charms of Racine and French classics. The biographer Lytton Strachey belonged to the Bloomsbury Group. In 1915 Strachey met the young art student Dora Carrington and, despite her subsequent marriage to Ralph Partridge and Strachey's love affairs, the couple shared a home for the next seventeen years. It is hard for the satirist not to treat the world and its problems as pure comedy. . GENRE: Nonfiction Giles Lytton Strachey was the eleventh of thirteen children born to Sir Richard Strachey, engineer and Indian colonial servant, and Jane Grant, essayist and suffragist. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Principia identified love and friendship as "the highest of human goods" and became a rationalizing factor in loosening the repression of homosexual tendencies among the Apostles. ." The large discrepancy in his parents' ages (thirty years) resulted in Lytton being much closer to his mother than his father. His following works included Queen Victoria (1921), which was awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize, Elizabeth and Essex (1928), and Portraits in Miniature (1931). Strachey eschewed the standard "two fat volumes" of Victorian biographies (he saw these tomes as "hagiographies": treatment of the illustrious dead). Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Surrounded by those he regarded as fellow "Greek souls," Strachey became a vocal advocate of the physical and spiritual superiority of all-male love. Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was a historian, literary critic, and Bloomsbury wit whose ironic prose style and sense of rupture with the Victorian past helped to define English literary modernism. Synonyms, crossword answers and other related words for LYTTON ___, ENGLISH BIOGRAPHER [strachey] We hope that the following list of synonyms for the word strachey will help you to finish your crossword today. Holroyd, Michael. Feminist scholars rediscovered Bloomsbury in the 1960s and especially applauded Strachey and Virginia Woolf as advocates of androgyny and sexual freedom. His father, Sir Richard Strachey, was a colonial Indian civil servant and civil engineer and a British army general; he was a typical Victorian explorer/ scientist. The four objects of Strachey's satire were Cardinal H. E. Manning, formerly a prominent Anglican member of the Oxford Movement, converted to Catholicism in 1851; Florence Nightingale, the "Lady with the Lamp," a founder of nursing and active with the wounded in the Crimean War; Thomas Arnold of Rugby School; and General C. G. "Chinese" Gordon, the pious hero killed by Mahdi raiders in the siege of Khartoum in 1885. He was schooled at Leamington College, Liverpool University College, and Trinity College, Cambridge. A teenager at the time of Oscar Wilde's trials for homosexuality, the young Strachey had struggled with what he called his "unnatural" desires, but at Cambridge he experienced a liberating moment in his sexual development. Though he spent some years at boarding schools, including Abbotsholme and Leamington College, he received much of his education at home. Giles Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an English biographer and critic known for his satire of the Victorian Era. The group expanded in number, and by the 1920s the fame of its individual members as writers, artists, and intellectuals sealed its reputation as a cultural circle. Strachey was one of the literary influences that partly destroyed the ghost of the Victorian era in the 1920s. He did prefer, however, what he called the "subtle attack" to undermine Victorian strictures on religious, artistic, social, and sexual matters. A. Richards (1893–1979) and F. R. Leavis (1895–1978) as elitist and apolitical. Michael Holroyd is the author of acclaimed biographies of George Bernard Shaw, the painter Augustus John, Lytton Strachey, and Ellen Terry and Henry Irving, as well as two memoirs, Basil Street Blues and Mosaic.Knighted for his services to literature, he is the president emeritus of the Royal Society of Literature and the only nonfiction writer to have been awarded the David Cohen British Prize As Cambridge undergraduates they were privileged to join a society called "The Apostles", an elite, exotic group devoted to the arts and an ambivalent way of life in which traditional wisdom and customary middle-class morals were discarded, especially where sex was concerned. Lytton Strachey was born in London on March 1, 1880. This edition includes Holroyd's commentary on the process of preparing the biography and working with the people who knew Lytton Strachey. World Encyclopedia. Strachey Lytton Strachey as a biographer. The biography of Strachey is really a biography of the Bloomsbury Group. He turned a blind eye to Moore's inherent puritanism. London, 1971. Strachey was fairly tall and excessively thin, with a disguising rust beard and a shrill voice. He saw religion as Voltaire saw it, as a "ludicrous anachronism." BORN: 1795, Ecclefechan, Scotland BORN: 1869, Paris, France Lytton Strachey (March 1, 1880–January 21, 1932) was an English writer and critic. GENRE: Fiction; poetry; criticism [Michael Holroyd] has a great novelist's sense of the obstinate mystery of the human person. English Literature, 20th cent. He published critical writings, especially on French literature, but his greatest achievement was in biography. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Treating his subjects from a highly idiosyncratic point of view, he was fascinated by personality and motive and delighted in pricking the pretensions of the great and reducing them to somewhat less than life-size. ." and find homework help for other Eminent Victorians questions at eNotes ), English biographer and critic who opened a new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. The term Stracheyesque continues to evoke a particular style of writing and behavior that is transgressive, ironic, and always amusing. . Lucky Jim…, Lyttleton, Humphrey “Humph” (Richard Adeane), Lytell, Jimmy (originally, Sarrapede, James), Lytton, Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron, Lytton, Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, earl of, Lytton, Victor Alexander George Robert Lytton, 2d earl of, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/giles-lytton-strachey, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-lytton, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-giles-lytton. The Bloomsbury Group: A Collection of Memoirs, Commentary, and Criticism. . (December 21, 2020). □. Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lytton-Strachey, National Portrait Gallery - Biography of Lytton Strachey. ." "Strachey, (Giles) Lytton BIOGRAPHY . Eminent Victorians, by Lytton Strachey, Penguin … Author Bio: Lytton Strachey. His father, Sir Richard Strachey, was a colonial Indian civil servant and civil engineer and a British army general; he was a typical Victorian explorer/ scientist. "Giles Lytton Strachey German Romance (18…, BIOGRAPHY Strachey's satirical portraits of Victorian icons—Florence Nightingale, Matthew Arnold, General Gordon, and Cardinal Manning—rejected the lengthy panegyrics of the nineteenth century, and his use of Freudian analysis heralded the creation of the "psychobiography." He wore bookworm spectacles. NATIONALITY: British Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-lytton. Lytton Strachey was born in London on March 1, 1880. He also spent his Thursday evenings in the decade before World War I at the Gordon Square home of Virginia and Vanessa Stephen. STRACHEY, LYTTON (1880–1932), English writer, member of the Bloomsbury Group. . . He was the eleventh of thirteen children of an upper-middle-class family. Giles Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an English biographer and critic known for his satire of the Victorian Era. Strachey first broached the taboo subject of sex by pointing at a stain on Vanessa's dress and asking, "Semen?" Before him, the biographer used to neglect like a hagiographer the darker side of their heroes because they generally used to idealize their heroes by representing them as angels of virtue. BORN: 1882, London, England ), English biographer and critic who opened a new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. Strachey's book of polemical essays caused a popular sensation. GENRE: Fiction, drama Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, Carlyle, Thomas MAJOR WORKS: Even so, he had an iron will and sat in cultural judgment of the world his parents inhabited: the Victorian era. He was a spoiled child, of frail health, and always withdrawn. Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, (born March 1, 1880, London--died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He published his major book, Eminent Victorians, in 1918. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-lytton, "Strachey, Lytton In 1903 fellow Apostle George Edward Moore published Principia Ethica, producing a profound effect on the aspiring intellectuals. (December 21, 2020). These were the attributes of the "good life." Marshlands (1895) Even though Lytton's family members on both sides were well-connected and prosperous, the large parental home in unfashionable Bayswater was "suffocating" to him. After his death in 1932 from cancer, Carrington committed suicide, noting in her diary that she was unable to live without Strachey. DIED: 1951, Paris, France During World War I, Strachey was a conscientious objector, but his impact on the larger public would be felt most strongly in 1918 with the publication of his best-selling work, Eminent Victorians. 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