This collection of mercury facts includes atomic data, the electron configuration, chemical and physical properties, and history of the element. Mercury forms two ions; the mercuric ion, Hg++, and the mercurous ion that would be expected to be Hg+, but is [Hg-Hg]++. Mercury is the only metallic element that is a liquid at room temperature. atomic number 80 atomic weight 200.59 melting point −38.87 °C (−37.97 °F) boiling point 356.9 °C (674 °F) specific gravity 13.5 at 20 °C (68 °F) valence 1, 2 electron configuration 2-8-18-32-18-2 or Mercury is a liquid metallic element of many useful applications. Part of the series: Chemistry Rundown. Mercury metal also found many new applications in electrical devices and electrochemistry. The long story: Mercury is the last 5d element and has electron configuration $[\ce{Xe}] 4f^{14} 5d^{10} 6s^2$. If you don’t have a chart, you can still find the electron configuration. Electron Configuration Chart for All Elements in the Periodic Table. In the periodic table, the elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number Z. Electron configuration of Mercury is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2. Mercury can be used to make thermometers, barometers and other scientific instruments. What Is the Electron Configuration of Mercury?. I know that Lanthanum and Actinium have an outer orbital of d. Let's say I needed to write the configuration of Mercury. The result is mercury’s electron configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 5s 2 4d 10 5p 6 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 = Hg = [Xe]6s 2 4f 14 5d 10. with a filled 5d subshell, a 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 valence shell configuration, and a total of 80 electrons. Mercury in its (+2) salts does not have lone pairs readily accessible for covalent bonding. Mercury vapor is used in streetlights, fluorescent lamps and advertising signs. Mercury conducts electricity and is used to make silent, position dependent switches. Electron configuration The arrangements of electrons above the last (closed shell) noble gas. Each element has a unique atomic structure that is influenced by its electronic configuration, which is the distribution of electrons across different orbitals of an atom. Its resolution is 1000x1000 and it … Mercury is a very important element on the periodic table. I am completely confused about how to write the electron configuration anything higher than Barium because there are so many inconsistencies and misconceptions about the 5d and 4f orbitals. The electron configuration of Hg is Use the element blocks of the periodic table to find the highest electron orbital. The density of mercury is 13.6 g.cm-3 at 20°C. There are 118 elements in the periodic table. This dense metal is atomic number 80 with element symbol Hg. Mercury (Hg), chemical element, liquid metal of Group 12 (IIb, or zinc group) of the periodic table. 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